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Philosophers

Mortimer Adler
Rogers Albritton
Alexander of Aphrodisias
Samuel Alexander
William Alston
Anaximander
G.E.M.Anscombe
Anselm
Louise Antony
Thomas Aquinas
Aristotle
David Armstrong
Harald Atmanspacher
Robert Audi
Augustine
J.L.Austin
A.J.Ayer
Alexander Bain
Mark Balaguer
Jeffrey Barrett
William Barrett
William Belsham
Henri Bergson
George Berkeley
Isaiah Berlin
Richard J. Bernstein
Bernard Berofsky
Robert Bishop
Max Black
Susanne Bobzien
Emil du Bois-Reymond
Hilary Bok
Laurence BonJour
George Boole
Émile Boutroux
Daniel Boyd
F.H.Bradley
C.D.Broad
Michael Burke
Lawrence Cahoone
C.A.Campbell
Joseph Keim Campbell
Rudolf Carnap
Carneades
Nancy Cartwright
Gregg Caruso
Ernst Cassirer
David Chalmers
Roderick Chisholm
Chrysippus
Cicero
Randolph Clarke
Samuel Clarke
Anthony Collins
Antonella Corradini
Diodorus Cronus
Jonathan Dancy
Donald Davidson
Mario De Caro
Democritus
Daniel Dennett
Jacques Derrida
René Descartes
Richard Double
Fred Dretske
John Dupré
John Earman
Laura Waddell Ekstrom
Epictetus
Epicurus
Austin Farrer
Herbert Feigl
Arthur Fine
John Martin Fischer
Frederic Fitch
Owen Flanagan
Luciano Floridi
Philippa Foot
Alfred Fouilleé
Harry Frankfurt
Richard L. Franklin
Bas van Fraassen
Michael Frede
Gottlob Frege
Peter Geach
Edmund Gettier
Carl Ginet
Alvin Goldman
Gorgias
Nicholas St. John Green
H.Paul Grice
Ian Hacking
Ishtiyaque Haji
Stuart Hampshire
W.F.R.Hardie
Sam Harris
William Hasker
R.M.Hare
Georg W.F. Hegel
Martin Heidegger
Heraclitus
R.E.Hobart
Thomas Hobbes
David Hodgson
Shadsworth Hodgson
Baron d'Holbach
Ted Honderich
Pamela Huby
David Hume
Ferenc Huoranszki
Frank Jackson
William James
Lord Kames
Robert Kane
Immanuel Kant
Tomis Kapitan
Walter Kaufmann
Jaegwon Kim
William King
Hilary Kornblith
Christine Korsgaard
Saul Kripke
Thomas Kuhn
Andrea Lavazza
Christoph Lehner
Keith Lehrer
Gottfried Leibniz
Jules Lequyer
Leucippus
Michael Levin
Joseph Levine
George Henry Lewes
C.I.Lewis
David Lewis
Peter Lipton
C. Lloyd Morgan
John Locke
Michael Lockwood
Arthur O. Lovejoy
E. Jonathan Lowe
John R. Lucas
Lucretius
Alasdair MacIntyre
Ruth Barcan Marcus
Tim Maudlin
James Martineau
Nicholas Maxwell
Storrs McCall
Hugh McCann
Colin McGinn
Michael McKenna
Brian McLaughlin
John McTaggart
Paul E. Meehl
Uwe Meixner
Alfred Mele
Trenton Merricks
John Stuart Mill
Dickinson Miller
G.E.Moore
Thomas Nagel
Otto Neurath
Friedrich Nietzsche
John Norton
P.H.Nowell-Smith
Robert Nozick
William of Ockham
Timothy O'Connor
Parmenides
David F. Pears
Charles Sanders Peirce
Derk Pereboom
Steven Pinker
Plato
Karl Popper
Porphyry
Huw Price
H.A.Prichard
Protagoras
Hilary Putnam
Willard van Orman Quine
Frank Ramsey
Ayn Rand
Michael Rea
Thomas Reid
Charles Renouvier
Nicholas Rescher
C.W.Rietdijk
Richard Rorty
Josiah Royce
Bertrand Russell
Paul Russell
Gilbert Ryle
Jean-Paul Sartre
Kenneth Sayre
T.M.Scanlon
Moritz Schlick
Arthur Schopenhauer
John Searle
Wilfrid Sellars
Alan Sidelle
Ted Sider
Henry Sidgwick
Walter Sinnott-Armstrong
J.J.C.Smart
Saul Smilansky
Michael Smith
Baruch Spinoza
L. Susan Stebbing
Isabelle Stengers
George F. Stout
Galen Strawson
Peter Strawson
Eleonore Stump
Francisco Suárez
Richard Taylor
Kevin Timpe
Mark Twain
Peter Unger
Peter van Inwagen
Manuel Vargas
John Venn
Kadri Vihvelin
Voltaire
G.H. von Wright
David Foster Wallace
R. Jay Wallace
W.G.Ward
Ted Warfield
Roy Weatherford
C.F. von Weizsäcker
William Whewell
Alfred North Whitehead
David Widerker
David Wiggins
Bernard Williams
Timothy Williamson
Ludwig Wittgenstein
Susan Wolf

Scientists

David Albert
Michael Arbib
Walter Baade
Bernard Baars
Jeffrey Bada
Leslie Ballentine
Marcello Barbieri
Gregory Bateson
John S. Bell
Mara Beller
Charles Bennett
Ludwig von Bertalanffy
Susan Blackmore
Margaret Boden
David Bohm
Niels Bohr
Ludwig Boltzmann
Emile Borel
Max Born
Satyendra Nath Bose
Walther Bothe
Jean Bricmont
Hans Briegel
Leon Brillouin
Stephen Brush
Henry Thomas Buckle
S. H. Burbury
Melvin Calvin
Donald Campbell
Sadi Carnot
Anthony Cashmore
Eric Chaisson
Gregory Chaitin
Jean-Pierre Changeux
Rudolf Clausius
Arthur Holly Compton
John Conway
Jerry Coyne
John Cramer
Francis Crick
E. P. Culverwell
Antonio Damasio
Olivier Darrigol
Charles Darwin
Richard Dawkins
Terrence Deacon
Lüder Deecke
Richard Dedekind
Louis de Broglie
Stanislas Dehaene
Max Delbrück
Abraham de Moivre
Bernard d'Espagnat
Paul Dirac
Hans Driesch
John Eccles
Arthur Stanley Eddington
Gerald Edelman
Paul Ehrenfest
Manfred Eigen
Albert Einstein
George F. R. Ellis
Hugh Everett, III
Franz Exner
Richard Feynman
R. A. Fisher
David Foster
Joseph Fourier
Philipp Frank
Steven Frautschi
Edward Fredkin
Benjamin Gal-Or
Lila Gatlin
Michael Gazzaniga
Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen
GianCarlo Ghirardi
J. Willard Gibbs
Nicolas Gisin
Paul Glimcher
Thomas Gold
A. O. Gomes
Brian Goodwin
Joshua Greene
Dirk ter Haar
Jacques Hadamard
Mark Hadley
Patrick Haggard
J. B. S. Haldane
Stuart Hameroff
Augustin Hamon
Sam Harris
Ralph Hartley
Hyman Hartman
John-Dylan Haynes
Donald Hebb
Martin Heisenberg
Werner Heisenberg
John Herschel
Basil Hiley
Art Hobson
Jesper Hoffmeyer
Don Howard
William Stanley Jevons
Roman Jakobson
E. T. Jaynes
Pascual Jordan
Ruth E. Kastner
Stuart Kauffman
Martin J. Klein
William R. Klemm
Christof Koch
Simon Kochen
Hans Kornhuber
Stephen Kosslyn
Daniel Koshland
Ladislav Kovàč
Leopold Kronecker
Rolf Landauer
Alfred Landé
Pierre-Simon Laplace
David Layzer
Joseph LeDoux
Gilbert Lewis
Benjamin Libet
David Lindley
Seth Lloyd
Hendrik Lorentz
Josef Loschmidt
Ernst Mach
Donald MacKay
Henry Margenau
Owen Maroney
Humberto Maturana
James Clerk Maxwell
Ernst Mayr
John McCarthy
Warren McCulloch
N. David Mermin
George Miller
Stanley Miller
Ulrich Mohrhoff
Jacques Monod
Emmy Noether
Alexander Oparin
Abraham Pais
Howard Pattee
Wolfgang Pauli
Massimo Pauri
Roger Penrose
Steven Pinker
Colin Pittendrigh
Max Planck
Susan Pockett
Henri Poincaré
Daniel Pollen
Ilya Prigogine
Hans Primas
Henry Quastler
Adolphe Quételet
Lord Rayleigh
Jürgen Renn
Emil Roduner
Juan Roederer
Jerome Rothstein
David Ruelle
Tilman Sauer
Jürgen Schmidhuber
Erwin Schrödinger
Aaron Schurger
Sebastian Seung
Thomas Sebeok
Franco Selleri
Claude Shannon
Charles Sherrington
David Shiang
Abner Shimony
Herbert Simon
Dean Keith Simonton
Edmund Sinnott
B. F. Skinner
Lee Smolin
Ray Solomonoff
Roger Sperry
John Stachel
Henry Stapp
Tom Stonier
Antoine Suarez
Leo Szilard
Max Tegmark
Teilhard de Chardin
Libb Thims
William Thomson (Kelvin)
Richard Tolman
Giulio Tononi
Peter Tse
Francisco Varela
Vlatko Vedral
Mikhail Volkenstein
Heinz von Foerster
Richard von Mises
John von Neumann
Jakob von Uexküll
C. S. Unnikrishnan
C. H. Waddington
John B. Watson
Daniel Wegner
Steven Weinberg
Paul A. Weiss
Herman Weyl
John Wheeler
Wilhelm Wien
Norbert Wiener
Eugene Wigner
E. O. Wilson
Günther Witzany
Stephen Wolfram
H. Dieter Zeh
Ernst Zermelo
Wojciech Zurek
Konrad Zuse
Fritz Zwicky

Presentations

Biosemiotics
Free Will
Mental Causation
James Symposium
 
New Roofs for the Information Philosophy Institute
G. F. Sprague proposal
This proposal is designed to provide durable, attractive, cost effective solutions to your:

Roofing Masonry Carpentry Metal Work Windows

PROJECT PREPARATION

Remove &:
Dispose Up To 1 Layers of Membrane(Flat Roof)
Dispose Up To 1 Layers of Masonry
Dispose Up To 1 Layers of Wood
Dispose Up To 1 Layers of Metal

There are no masonry, wood, or metal layers to be disposed of. There is a heavy 3-ply roof - roofing paper, asphalt (tar/bitumen), and gravel - underneath the EPDM membrane.

There is also the polyiso insulation layer mechanically attached by plates screwed through the tar and gravel.

Any additional layers will be removed at additional cost. The following proposal does not include replacement of any defective framing, wood boards, masonry, siding, insulation or other substrate materials that may be uncovered when the surface is exposed. In the event defective wood boards are discovered, there will be an additional charge for removal and replacement, not to exceed $9.95 per lineal ft. for 5/8” plywood or rough 3/4” boards. Replacement of any and all other substrate materials to be priced separately. Replacement materials to replicate existing as closely as possible per local suppliers current stock.

SUBSTRATE SURFACES:

Because the solar panels and their rack mounts will be attached to the roof boards, we want to secure them with 3-1/2 inch DeckMate decking screws, not nails, which can pull free with wind lift.

IronRidge's Flat Roof Attachment is anchored to roof sheathing (and sometimes to rafters below) with 16 long screws. It is then capped with a large circular PVC membrane that can be heat welded or adhered to the roof.
The integrity of your new / restored system depends on roof boards properly nailed to each rafter. Over time, nails loosen and corrode. Each roof board will be re-nailed over the entire exposed wood surface utilizing minimum 2 ¼” nails (existing nails to remain).
Low Slope Installation

Adhere Ice & Water Shield with: Grace

Areas of Work: Whole Membrane Roof

Additional Notes Insulation Board Installed

Additional Notes: If Option Selected

PERPENDICULAR WALL & FASCIA, ICE AND WATER PREPARATION

ICE AND WATER SHIELD:

GRACE ICE & WATER SHIELD® roofing membrane is used as an underlayment for sloped roofs to resist water penetration due to water back-up behind ice dams or wind-driven rain.

It does not appear to be recommended for flat roofs.

A common roof leak problem in this geographic area is freezing ice in the gutters, along the eave edge at valleys, penetration flashings, and transitions. Under certain conditions this ice may expand up and under the roofing where it may melt when exposed to attic warmth resulting in leaks. For double protection along the eave edge it is recommended to fully adhere ice and water shield which is designed to stop any expanding ice under the roofing from penetrating the deck, and infiltrating interior spaces.

WOOD NAILER/UNDERLAYMENT/INSULATION

(Insulation systems pricing upon request. Not included in stated options.) Mechanically fasten new pressure treated wood nailer at all open perimeter edges to accommodate new underlayment insulation membrane. Mechanically fasten 1/2" HP high density fiberboard overlay substrates utilizing FM approved fasteners and pattern to achieve I-90 (with roof removal) wind uplift protection. You may elect to, or may be required to install additional insulation at additional cost.

The slope of the existing roof into the central drain is already adequate for roof drainage.

Tapered Insulation

Supply and install new custom tapered insulation system with HP fiber board overlay in an attempt to create positive drainage. Contractor cannot guarantee roof drainage.

Mechanically Fasten: " .032 Aluminum

PERIMETER METAL

Termination of the new roof system to ensure the long-term watertightness from wind uplift, protection provide control of water runoff and protect the underlying substrates. Install membrane over edge cleats and penetrations flashings.

PERPENDICULAR WALL FLASHING/LOW SLOPE

Perpendicular Wall Flashing (low slope): Install membrane roofing to extend a minimum of 4" up the walls, 18" up adjoining slopes. Install russ strip detail to prevent destructive bridging. If new siding is required, there will be an additional cost.

ROOF DRAINS

Remove and properly dispose of any existing deteriorated drain, insert "sleeves.". Install new drain bowl assembly integrated into the roof. Augment plumbing into the new roof set in a new drain by a Ma licensed plumber specializing in roof related plumbing. Customer is responsible for detection and correction of internal or augmenting plumbing.

FASCIA AND RAFTER PREPARATION:

Apply fresh coat of white paint to existing fascia board, add $7.78 per lineal foot. Replace fascia with primed, back primed, as necessary. add $40.24 per lineal foot (slate tie-in may require additional work adjustment at additional cost). Secure new rafter ends to existing as necessary, add $83.83 per end. Composite board add $48.05 per lineal ft.

As per instructions, we propose to perform the following items of work:

Chimney is already down below roof, ready for new decking/sheathing..
Chimney Tear Down:

- Remove The Remaining Courses Of interior Chimney Down to 3rd Story
(interior Work to Be Contracted Outside our Scope)
- Install New Plywood Over Existing Penetration / Inspect for StructuralWork
- Ice and Water New Installed Board to Prepare For MembraneRoof Install

Inspect and Report:

- Customer is installing Solar to Roof Panel System Once Job Complete
- Inspect All Wood Below Membrane for Rot
- Inspect structure Beneath Plywood for any Additional Support
(Heavy Panels May Need More Supports)
- Inspect and Report for Additional Insulation Needed
(May work with Mass Save or other Customer Suppled Contractor for Insulation)

Per the attached scope and specification with the following options including:

INVESTMENT OPTIONS

Good Investment Option:
Solar Prep Project - .060 Non-Reinforced Membrane W/ Carpentry And WASCO Hatch
Investment Amount: $82,820.00
SCSP: July 20% Off Ice Dam Prevention Promo. (-$16,564)

Better Investment Option:
Solar Prep Project - .060 Reinforced Membrane W/ Carpentry And WASCO Hatch
Investment Amount: $84,693.00
SCSP: July 20% Off Ice Dam Prevention Promo. (-$16,938)


Best Investment Option: Solar Prep Project - FiberTite Membrane W/ Carpentry And WASCO Hatch
Investment Amount: $95,293.00
SCSP: July 20% Off Ice Dam Prevention Promo. (-$19,058)

Revised/Reduced Scope Investment Option:
(Warranty May Not Apply)
Solar Consulting Fee $1,895.00 ( looking to Sign Best Option By End of July to Approve For Promo)

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